WLST (Weblogic Scripting Tool)


With Fusion Middleware 11g, Oracle has moved from the traditional Apache and OC4J to Oracle weblogic. There are many new things that has come up with weblogic. There is a change in architecture. Changes related to managing the services, deployment procedure, changing of port and many other things.

Well, should we say that it has got better or it got worst ? I am not sure about good or bad, but I know its new. Per my opinion and experience, weblogic provides more flexibility in terms of changing the parameters or making any changes in the existing deployment. Or may be I havent worked much on OC4J or weblogic.

Anyways, this is a short post which explains about a tool called WLST (Weblogic Scripting Tool). WLST framework comes along with weblogic installation and provides a platform to carry out all the task at command line. This is a very useful tool for the people working on weblogic.

WLST Commands

For this post, I have following home

Middleware Home – /slot/ems3398/oracle/mwhome

Weblogic Home – /slot/ems3398/oracle/mwhome/wlserver_10.3

In weblogic we have a concept called domain. Domain is nothing but a project created inside weblogic which will have applications deployed within it. Every domain will have one AdminServer and multiple managed servers. Applications are deployed either on a AdminServer (less recommended) or on managed servers (more recommended).

Domains are created from a template. To begin with weblogic provides some default templates which can be used to create a domain. These templates are nothing but the jar files which has complete file system and services in side it. When a domain is created the jar file is extracted to create the required domain file system and AdminServer for that domain.

The purpose of AdminServer is for administering the services. In case you have managed server for the domain, then you can start and stop manage server only using AdminServer. If your AdminServer is down, then you cannot start or stop Managed servers. However manage servers can remain up and accessible even if AdminServer is down. Each of these servers have there own separate ports.

Default installation of weblogic does not create any domain. We need to create domain manually using the default templates provided by weblogic.

Default template for weblogic will be available at /slot/ems4179/oracle/mwhome/wlserver_10.3/common/templates/domains location

-bash-3.00$ pwd
-bash-3.00$ ls -rlt
total 164
-rw-r—–  1 ora4179 ems4179  32510 Jul 28 11:27 wls.jar
-rw-r—–  1 ora4179 ems4179 130456 Jul 28 11:27 wls_starter.jar

You can create domain using this default template (.jar file) using config.sh script present in /slot/ems4179/oracle/mwhome/wlserver_10.3/common/bin location. This script will launch a GUI where all the details can be provided and it will create the required domain.

You can also create the same domain using WLST (Weblogic Scripting Tool). WLST has many commands that helps to get the required configuration. Also the complete domain is visible in WLST as directory and file listing. To connect to WLST framework just run wlst.sh script present in /slot/ems4179/oracle/mwhome/wlserver_10.3/common/bin location

Once you run wlst.sh, you will get the WLS prompt.


Creating Default Domain

For creating any domain, you need to first read the required template at WLS prompt and then create domain out of it. The command is readDomain and it takes 1 argument as complete name and location of template.

wls:/offline> readTemplate('/slot/ems4179/oracle/mwhome/wlserver_10.3/common/templates/domains/wls.jar');
drw-   Security
drw-   Server
-rw-   Active                                        false
-rw-   AdminServerName                               AdminServer
-rw-   AdministrationMBeanAuditingEnabled            false
-rw-   AdministrationPort                            9002
-rw-   AdministrationPortEnabled                     false
-rw-   AdministrationProtocol                        null
-rw-   AutoDeployForSubmodulesEnabled                true
-rw-   ClusterConstraintsEnabled                     false
-rw-   ConfigBackupEnabled                           false
-rw-   ConfigurationAuditType                        null
-rw-   ConfigurationVersion                
-rw-   ConsoleContextPath                            console
-rw-   ConsoleEnabled                                true
-rw-   ConsoleExtensionDirectory                     console-ext
-rw-   DomainVersion                       
-rw-   GuardianEnabled                               false
-rw-   InternalAppsDeployOnDemandEnabled             true
-rw-   LastModificationTime                          0
-rw-   Name                                          base_domain
-rw-   Notes                                         null
-rw-   OcmEnabled                                    true
-rw-   ProductionModeEnabled                         false
-rw-   RootDirectory                                 null

If you want to list the attributes and services of the template you can use ls() command. The command is same as that of OS command but we need to supply () along with the command. Similarly you can change directory in WLS prompt and go inside the template. Example, I want to set the password for weblogic inside the template, So I can use following command


Complete list of all the commands available in WLS is giving in reference section of this post.

Next, after setting the password, you can close the template using closeTemplate(); before creating the domain


Next is creating the domain. The command for that is createDomain. It takes 4 argument as shown below


1st Argument is the template name

2nd arguement is the location where the domain is to be created

3rd argument is the weblogic username (which will be weblogic)

4th argument will be the weblogic password

This command is going to extract /slot/ems4179/oracle/mwhome/wlserver_10.3/common/templates/domains/wls.jar file completly and create a directory strucrure under /slot/ems4179/oracle/mwhome/user_projects/domain/soa_domain1

Once the domain is created you can exit the WLST command promt and start the AdminServer using the script shown below


Exiting WebLogic Scripting Tool.

-bash-3.00$ cd /slot/ems4179/oracle/mwhome/user_projects/domain/soa_domain1/bin/
-bash-3.00$ ./startWebLogic.sh  &

Start of weblogic server will take some time. Wait until you see the message

<Sep 30, 2009 10:20:09 AM PDT> <Notice> <WebLogicServer> <BEA-000360> <Server started in RUNNING mode>

Once AdminServer is started you can access the weblogic console using http://<hostname&gt;:<port>/console

The default port number will be 7001 unless you change the port number in WLST as shown below

Changing the Default port number

Connect to WLST again and read the domain that you have created just now

wls:/offline> readDomain('/slot/ems4179/oracle/mwhome/user_projects/domain/soa_domain1');
wls:/offline/soa_domain1>cd ('/Server/AdminServer');

Once you update the domain with new port 8050, exit the WLST and bounce AdminServer. You can now access the console using new port.

Adding SOA templates to default domain

In the previous post for installing SOA, I showed you the installation procedure for SOA. In those steps we used the GUI for installing the SOA. Here I will show you the steps for installing the SOA using WLST. Basically we can convert our existing default domain into SOA domain by adding SOA template to this domain and changing few attributes of the domains.

The database required for the SOA needs to be installed separately. I have a script for installing SOA using WLST and I will walk you through that script now.

The script looks as shown below



set('ListenPort', 15079);
set('ListenPort', 16079);
set('ListenPort', 17079);

The first 5 steps are same as we saw above. Next step is to read the domain and add SOA & BAM template to it. SOA template will come along with SOA installation.

After adding these templates, it will automatically create ManagedServers in the domain.

Next we are just navigating to the folders and changing the ports for AdminServer and each of the ManagedSever

SOA and BAM uses datasources for connecting to database, so we have to navigate to the corresponding datasource folders and update the JDBC connection, userID and passwords.

Once all this is done, update the domain and your SOA installation is ready. You can bounce the AdminServer and start ManagedServers.


WLST Command Reference : http://download.oracle.com/docs/cd/E12840_01/wls/docs103/config_scripting/reference.html

Hope this helps !!


Installing Oracle SOA 11g


In this post we will see detailed steps to install SOA 11g. The approach used in all 11g FMW components (Including SOA) is very different then 10g. The basic limitation of any 10g component involving infrastructure was that the product itself used to create database and configure the entire infrastructure. This used to put limitation on database port which always used to be 1521.

Here in 11g version, a user has a flexibility to use any port. 11g expects installed database as a pre-reqs and uses that database to create corresponding repository. This way we can have database and listener at any port and provide that information while creating repository.

Also another important feature with all 11g components is that web server used is weblogic and it is kept as another separate component in the form of pre-reqs. So any 11g components requiring web server expects weblogic as pre-reqs. With this brief introduction about 11g FMW components characteristics we will see the installation procedure for SOA 11g.

Installing SOA 11g:

Following are the brief steps for installing SOA 11g

1) Install database 11g ( / including configuring TNS and listener

2) Create repository using Oracle RCU (Repository Creation Utility)

3) Install WLS (weblogic Server) and create a middleware home

4) Install SOA 11g inside middleware home

5) Use config.sh or WLST to create and configure SOA domain and managed servers

In case of SOA 11g, BAM also gets install and configured if selected. Here we will install both SOA and BAM

Download Locations:

You can download all the required software from following location

Oracle Database 11g ( – http://www.oracle.com/technology/software/products/database/index.html

Oracle SOA suite 11g – http://www.oracle.com/technology/software/products/middleware/htdocs/111110_fmw.html

Oracle RCU – http://www.oracle.com/technology/software/products/middleware/htdocs/111110_fmw.html

Oracle WLS 10.3.1 – http://www.oracle.com/technology/software/products/ias/htdocs/wls_main.html

Step 1) Install database 11g including configuring TNS and listener

For this you can refer previous post for database installation and create a 11g database. Also create a listener on any available port and configure TNS for the database.

Step 2) Create repository using Oracle RCU (Repository Creation Utility)

Using RCU, you can create repository for SOA. You dont have to install RCU for using it. RCU comes as a zip file which you need to unzip. Once you unzip you run <RCU_UNZIP>/bin/rcu binary

This will invoke a GUI. On the first page you can select “Create Repository” and click on next.

On the next page RCU will ask for database details in which you want to create the repository. The page will look as shown below


Once you connect to database, on the next page you need to select the repository that you want to create. Here you can select SOA as shown below. Metadata services will get selected automatically. Also you can use any prefix for these schema. All these schema created will have the prefix string prefixed to it. In this case it will prepend DEV before each schema name. Example DEV_MDS, DEV_SOAINFRA etc.


Once you click on next, it will show the summary and will create tablespace if they dont exists. After tablespace creation, click on create and it will create the required repository schemas.

Step 3) Install WLS (weblogic Server) and create a middleware home

Next step is to install WLS server. Carry out the basic installation of WLS. You need to provide a new location for middleware home when asked for as shown below.


Next it will ask for the location of weblogic. Here you can accept the default value as it will be created inside middleware home.


Select all other values as default and install WLS.

Step 4) Install SOA 11g inside middleware home

Installation of SOA home is again very straight. Installation of SOA will just lay down the file system, it wont configure anything. Important input while installing SOA is the middleware home location and location for SOA home


Here Oracle_SOA1 directory will get created inside mwhome directory. Rest of the inputs for SOA installation can be default.

Step 5) Use config.sh or WLST to create and configure SOA domain and managed servers

Once SOA installation is done, the last and the most important step is configuring SOA domain.

You need to navigate to <middleware_home>/Oracle_SOA1/common/bin location and run config.sh script. This script will open a new GUI window. Follow the below screen shots for configuring SOA.


Select all the required template from this screen. If you don’t need BAM installation, you can uncheck the Business Activity Monitoring template. Click on Next.


On the next screen give any domain name (soa_domain) in this case. You can keep the Domain location and Application location as default. These directories will get automatically created when this domain gets created at the end of installation. Click on Next.


On this screen, provide the weblogic password and click on Next.


On this screen you need to provide the database connection details like database name, hostname and database port. You also need to provide all the schema names and password you created using RCU. RCU will create exact 5 schemas required for SOA configuration. You need to provide details of those schemas on this screen. Once you click in next, the configurator will test the connection for all 5 schemas.

Once the connection test goes successful, you can keep rest of the values as default and create the required domain.

After domain creation start the weblogic server using <middleware_home>/user_projects/domain/<domain_name>/bin/startWeblogic.sh script

Also start the managed servers using <middleware_home>/user_projects/domain/<domain_name>/bin/startManagedWeblogic.sh script

You can then login to console using http://<SOA hostname>:<AdminServer port>/console


In the next post, I will provide the WLST details instead of config.sh for performing tasks in step 5) above.

Hope this helps !!